Places of interest in the city centre
Debrecen is the second largest city in Hungary. It is the scientific and cultural centre of the eastern region and a home of festivals. It is also the citadel of Protestantism in Hungary and often named as the “Calvinistic Rome”. Nowadays, Debrecen can be characterised by dynamic development and a renewed urban image.
The main square in the city centre was converted into a pedestrian mall, the sights enthral the visitors with its Mediterranean atmosphere originating from pleasurable terraces and its streets decorated with thousands of flowers during summertime.
For the guests of Debrecen, it is worth getting to know the beautiful old city. In the city centre one finds the Kossuth tér (square), one can admire the Kossuth sculpture made in 1912 and the Reformed Great Church that became the symbol of the city. The Great Church was built in the place where a 12th century church used to stand. Behind the Great Church, there is the Reformed Theological College of Debrecen where Mr. Mihály Csokonai Vitéz, one of the greatest Hungarian poets studied.
The name of the central street of the City, Piac utca (Market Street), mentioned first as early as 1527, refers to its history, since earlier tradesmen and craftsmen were selling their products at the two sides of the street. Although Piac utca changed a lot during the centuries, the beautiful merchant houses and the villa-style buildings are still present and they reminds the visitors of the historical sights of the city.
The visitors of Debrecen should also visit the beautiful Csokonai National Theatre, found in the Kossuth utca (street), built in romantic style close to the city centre. The elevation of the building is decorated by the sculptures of two allegoric women and six poets.
During one’s walk towards the Main railway station, one should take one’s time to slightly detour to the Szent Anna utca (street) and admire the St. Ann’s Cathedralwhere formerly, in the 18th Century, a baroque church was standing. The present view of the Cathedral was developed in the 19th Century.
The city centre of Debrecen is rich in exhibitions of various kinds. The Déri Museum, opened in 1930, awaits its visitors with permanent and temporary exhibitions. The most visited place of the Museum is the trilogy in the Munkácsy hall, in which Mihály Munkácsy portrays the passion of Christ on three gigantic paintings.
The citadel of the contemporary art is the ‘Modem’ located next to the Déri Museum. Periodically renewing temporary exhibitions welcome the visitors. The Modemmakes one’s stay more exciting with various programmes, such as museum development, exhibition guides and film club, among others.
Debrecen offers many shopping possibilities. One can find everything in the city from the small shops via the handicraft shops up to the great shopping centres.
The two shopping centres, the Debrecen Plaza and the Fórum, await their customers with clothing shops, furnishing articles, coffee houses, book stores and cinemas.
If you like to admire the beautiful merchant houses of Debrecen, we would like to recommend the shops from the Kálvin Square at the Piac Street and next to the Great Church up to the Petőfi Square at the Great Railway Station. In these shops, one can surely find one needs during a pleasant sightseeing walk.